如果你讨厌资本主义,你会喜欢这张地图
If You Hate Capitalism You Will Love This Map

If You Hate Capitalism You Will Love This Map

如果你讨厌资本主义,你会喜欢这张地图

美国黑人社会党(BSA)是由“反资本主义、国际主义美国黑人”组成的联盟,刚刚发布了“双重权力地图”。这份地图将绘制美国每个工人合作社、小型商业发展中心、社区土地信托和双重电力项目的地图,以便“你现在可以支持他们”。

但这些东西是什么什么是双重力量?你为什么在乎

其核心是,双重权力是一项社会主义战略,它涉及帮助那些无法满足自身需要的人,即资本主义。该战略要求“反体制”,不仅满足被抛弃者的需要,而且由这些人管理。它还呼吁人民通过社会运动或组织努力,保护和发展这些机构,使之成为社会、经济和政治"反权力"。

简言之,反制机构试图帮助实现一个公正的世界,而反制国家的目标是打击一个不公正的世界。

工人合作社通常是由工人拥有和自我管理的企业,而不是老板和首席执行官。小型商业发展中心基本上是企业获得建议和支持的空间,这些咨询和支持将有助于它们在特定地区茁壮成长。社区土地信托基金是地方非营利组织,为社区利益永久保留土地所有权,如建造负担得起的住房。

所有这些都是反体制的,但没有一种是明显反资本主义的。他们可能更有能力满足那些想要有尊严的工作、更安全的工作条件或负担得起的住房的人的需要,但也是一些自称的资本家,比如安德鲁·杨和伊丽莎白·沃伦(Elizabeth Warren),目前正在呼吁这样做。关键是,反体制的利用是否挑战资本主义,同时支持和扩大反资本主义替代方案。

加入合作杰克逊,一个在密西西比州杰克逊的社会主义合作社,寻求发展一个明显反资本主义的替代经济。合作社的志向是建立一个以反体制网络为基础的项目,该网络涉及"组织和赋予工人阶级,特别是来自黑人和拉丁裔社区的结构下和失业部门以权力"。

合作杰克逊希望创建一个新的经济,作为新社会的基础,这个社会可以不依赖支配他们世界的政治,而自我维持。该组织旨在利用社区信托,通过使住房成为有保障的权利,而不是你在市场上租用或买入,来尽可能多地"迁离"。它希望建立一个替代性制造基地,满足社区的需求,而不是满足市场的需求,重视可持续性,而不是浪费和不断增长。杰克逊合作公司计划利用其社区中心作为政治教育的空间,发展由工人和社区,而不是投资者和高管做出集体决定的经济。该组织的小型商业发展中心将作为一个孵化器,支持并扩展反资本主义的替代方案,以替代一个不能满足所有人需要的经济。

BSA的共同创始人之一Z解释了,地图的目的是如何帮助人们了解反体制的情况,以便他们能够帮助发展地方努力,制定自己的双重权力项目。“大多数左翼组织都专注于选举政治、反应性行动主义或互助,”Z在电话中告诉Motherboard。“所有这些东西都很重要,但如果我们想废除资本主义,我们就必须建立制度,我们必须处理经济问题。”

合作可能是一个很好的工作场所,当地的社区土地信托可能会给租金带来很好的价格,但归根结底,他们仍然是一些机构,必须以某种方式加以利用,以建立像杰克逊合作公司(Cooperation Jackson)这样的反资本主义的替代方案。

《BSA》在其网站上指出,其目标是向这些备选方案注入"政治意识形态,使我们进入一个完全民主的社会和世界,工人自己以民主和分散的方式控制生产手段"。这意味着,地图应该成为憎恨资本主义、想看到自己社区的需求得到满足的活动人士的工具,但不确定它是如何契合在一起的。为此目的,建立双重权力是一个很好的起点.

“如果我们谈论革命,我们就必须讨论革命制度的变革,”Z说。“我们不能仅仅在资本主义框架内做事。我们必须努力超越它。

The Black Socialists of America (BSA), a coalition of "anticapitalist, internationalist Black Americans," just launched its Dual Power Map. The map promises to plot every single worker cooperative, small business development center, community land trust, and dual power project in America so "you can support them right now."

But what are any of these things? What is dual power? Why should you care?

At its heart, dual power is a socialist strategy concerned with helping people who are unable to have their needs met by capitalism. The strategy calls for “counter-institutions” that not only meet the needs of those left behind but are run by those very people. It also calls for people to protect and develop these institutions into forms of social, economic, and political “counter-power” through social movements or organizing efforts.

Simply put, counter-institutions try to help realize a just world, while counter-power aims to fight against an unjust one.

Worker cooperatives are typically businesses that are owned and self-managed by workers, instead of bosses and CEOs. Small business development centers are essentially spaces for businesses to receive advice and support that will help them thrive in their specific locale. Community land trusts are local nonprofits that permanently maintain ownership of land for the good of the community, such as building affordable housing.

All of these are counter-institutions, but none are explicitly anticapitalist. They may be better equipped to meet the needs of people who want dignified work, safer working conditions, or affordable housing, but these are also things that some self-professed capitalists like Andrew Yang or Elizabeth Warren are currently calling for. The crux is whether or not the counter-institutions are utilized in a way that challenges capitalism while supporting and expanding anticapitalist alternatives.

Enter Cooperation Jackson, a socialist cooperative in Jackson, Mississippi that seeks to develop an alternative economy that is explicitly anticapitalist. The cooperative's ambition is to build a project based on a network of counter-institutions concerned with “organizing and empowering the structurally under and unemployed sectors of the working class, particularly from Black and Latino communities."

Cooperation Jackson wants to create a new economy as the basis for a new society that can sustain itself without relying on the politics that dominate the world around them. The organization aims to use community trusts to "decommodify as much land as possible" by making housing a guaranteed right instead of something you rent or buy on the market. It wants to create an alternative manufacturing base that responds to the needs of the community as opposed to the needs of the market, valuing sustainability over waste and endless growth. Cooperation Jackson plans on using its community center as a space for political education and developing an economy where collective decisions are made by workers and communities, as opposed to investors and executives. The organization’s small business development center will work as an incubator that supports and expands anticapitalist alternatives to an economy that doesn’t meet the needs of everyone.

Z, one of the BSA’s co-founders, explained how the purpose of the map is to help inform people of counter-institutions so that they can help develop local efforts and make their own dual power projects. “Most left organizations are focused on electoral politics or reactive activism or mutual aid,” Z told Motherboard in a phone call. “All those things are important, but if we want to dismantle capitalism, then we have to build institutions and we have to deal with the economy.”

Co-ops might be a great place to work, and your local community land trust might give a good price for rent, but at the end of the day, they are still institutions that have to be utilized a certain way to build anticapitalist alternatives like Cooperation Jackson.

On their website, the BSA points out that the goal is to infuse these alternatives with "political ideologies that will lead us to a fully democratic society and world where the workers themselves control the means of production in a democratic and decentralized fashion." That means the map should serve as a tool for activists who hate capitalism and want to see their communities’ needs met, but aren’t sure how it all fits together. To that end, building dual power is a great place to start.

“If we are talking about revolution, we have to be about revolutionary system change,” Z said. “We can’t just do things within the limits of the capitalist framework. We have to build to transcend it.”

The Black Socialists of America (BSA), a coalition of "anticapitalist, internationalist Black Americans," just launched its Dual Power Map. The map promises to plot every single worker cooperative, small business development center, community land trust, and dual power project in America so "you can support them right now."

美国黑人社会党(BSA)是由“反资本主义、国际主义美国黑人”组成的联盟,刚刚发布了“双重权力地图”。这份地图将绘制美国每个工人合作社、小型商业发展中心、社区土地信托和双重电力项目的地图,以便“你现在可以支持他们”。

But what are any of these things? What is dual power? Why should you care?

但这些东西是什么什么是双重力量?你为什么在乎

At its heart, dual power is a socialist strategy concerned with helping people who are unable to have their needs met by capitalism. The strategy calls for “counter-institutions” that not only meet the needs of those left behind but are run by those very people. It also calls for people to protect and develop these institutions into forms of social, economic, and political “counter-power” through social movements or organizing efforts.

其核心是,双重权力是一项社会主义战略,它涉及帮助那些无法满足自身需要的人,即资本主义。该战略要求“反体制”,不仅满足被抛弃者的需要,而且由这些人管理。它还呼吁人民通过社会运动或组织努力,保护和发展这些机构,使之成为社会、经济和政治"反权力"。

Simply put, counter-institutions try to help realize a just world, while counter-power aims to fight against an unjust one.

简言之,反制机构试图帮助实现一个公正的世界,而反制国家的目标是打击一个不公正的世界。

Worker cooperatives are typically businesses that are owned and self-managed by workers, instead of bosses and CEOs. Small business development centers are essentially spaces for businesses to receive advice and support that will help them thrive in their specific locale. Community land trusts are local nonprofits that permanently maintain ownership of land for the good of the community, such as building affordable housing.

工人合作社通常是由工人拥有和自我管理的企业,而不是老板和首席执行官。小型商业发展中心基本上是企业获得建议和支持的空间,这些咨询和支持将有助于它们在特定地区茁壮成长。社区土地信托基金是地方非营利组织,为社区利益永久保留土地所有权,如建造负担得起的住房。

All of these are counter-institutions, but none are explicitly anticapitalist. They may be better equipped to meet the needs of people who want dignified work, safer working conditions, or affordable housing, but these are also things that some self-professed capitalists like Andrew Yang or Elizabeth Warren are currently calling for. The crux is whether or not the counter-institutions are utilized in a way that challenges capitalism while supporting and expanding anticapitalist alternatives.

所有这些都是反体制的,但没有一种是明显反资本主义的。他们可能更有能力满足那些想要有尊严的工作、更安全的工作条件或负担得起的住房的人的需要,但也是一些自称的资本家,比如安德鲁·杨和伊丽莎白·沃伦(Elizabeth Warren),目前正在呼吁这样做。关键是,反体制的利用是否挑战资本主义,同时支持和扩大反资本主义替代方案。

Enter Cooperation Jackson, a socialist cooperative in Jackson, Mississippi that seeks to develop an alternative economy that is explicitly anticapitalist. The cooperative's ambition is to build a project based on a network of counter-institutions concerned with “organizing and empowering the structurally under and unemployed sectors of the working class, particularly from Black and Latino communities."

加入合作杰克逊,一个在密西西比州杰克逊的社会主义合作社,寻求发展一个明显反资本主义的替代经济。合作社的志向是建立一个以反体制网络为基础的项目,该网络涉及"组织和赋予工人阶级,特别是来自黑人和拉丁裔社区的结构下和失业部门以权力"。

Cooperation Jackson wants to create a new economy as the basis for a new society that can sustain itself without relying on the politics that dominate the world around them. The organization aims to use community trusts to "decommodify as much land as possible" by making housing a guaranteed right instead of something you rent or buy on the market. It wants to create an alternative manufacturing base that responds to the needs of the community as opposed to the needs of the market, valuing sustainability over waste and endless growth. Cooperation Jackson plans on using its community center as a space for political education and developing an economy where collective decisions are made by workers and communities, as opposed to investors and executives. The organization’s small business development center will work as an incubator that supports and expands anticapitalist alternatives to an economy that doesn’t meet the needs of everyone.

合作杰克逊希望创建一个新的经济,作为新社会的基础,这个社会可以不依赖支配他们世界的政治,而自我维持。该组织旨在利用社区信托,通过使住房成为有保障的权利,而不是你在市场上租用或买入,来尽可能多地"迁离"。它希望建立一个替代性制造基地,满足社区的需求,而不是满足市场的需求,重视可持续性,而不是浪费和不断增长。杰克逊合作公司计划利用其社区中心作为政治教育的空间,发展由工人和社区,而不是投资者和高管做出集体决定的经济。该组织的小型商业发展中心将作为一个孵化器,支持并扩展反资本主义的替代方案,以替代一个不能满足所有人需要的经济。

Z, one of the BSA’s co-founders, explained how the purpose of the map is to help inform people of counter-institutions so that they can help develop local efforts and make their own dual power projects. “Most left organizations are focused on electoral politics or reactive activism or mutual aid,” Z told Motherboard in a phone call. “All those things are important, but if we want to dismantle capitalism, then we have to build institutions and we have to deal with the economy.”

BSA的共同创始人之一Z解释了,地图的目的是如何帮助人们了解反体制的情况,以便他们能够帮助发展地方努力,制定自己的双重权力项目。“大多数左翼组织都专注于选举政治、反应性行动主义或互助,”Z在电话中告诉Motherboard。“所有这些东西都很重要,但如果我们想废除资本主义,我们就必须建立制度,我们必须处理经济问题。”

Co-ops might be a great place to work, and your local community land trust might give a good price for rent, but at the end of the day, they are still institutions that have to be utilized a certain way to build anticapitalist alternatives like Cooperation Jackson.

合作可能是一个很好的工作场所,当地的社区土地信托可能会给租金带来很好的价格,但归根结底,他们仍然是一些机构,必须以某种方式加以利用,以建立像杰克逊合作公司(Cooperation Jackson)这样的反资本主义的替代方案。

On their website, the BSA points out that the goal is to infuse these alternatives with "political ideologies that will lead us to a fully democratic society and world where the workers themselves control the means of production in a democratic and decentralized fashion." That means the map should serve as a tool for activists who hate capitalism and want to see their communities’ needs met, but aren’t sure how it all fits together. To that end, building dual power is a great place to start.

《BSA》在其网站上指出,其目标是向这些备选方案注入"政治意识形态,使我们进入一个完全民主的社会和世界,工人自己以民主和分散的方式控制生产手段"。这意味着,地图应该成为憎恨资本主义、想看到自己社区的需求得到满足的活动人士的工具,但不确定它是如何契合在一起的。为此目的,建立双重权力是一个很好的起点.

“If we are talking about revolution, we have to be about revolutionary system change,” Z said. “We can’t just do things within the limits of the capitalist framework. We have to build to transcend it.”

“如果我们谈论革命,我们就必须讨论革命制度的变革,”Z说。“我们不能仅仅在资本主义框架内做事。我们必须努力超越它。