印度向月球发射了Chandrayaan2号飞行任务
India has launched its Chandrayaan 2 mission to the moon

India has launched its Chandrayaan 2 mission to the moon

印度向月球发射了Chandrayaan2号飞行任务

india's chandrayaan-2 missions takes off

印度的第二次月球任务正在进行中。在"技术障碍"造成短暂延误之后,Chandrayaan2号飞行任务于7月22日从印度的Satish Dhawan航天中心发射。预计将于9月7日降落在月球表面。

这次任务是印度空间研究组织2008年发射的Chandrayaan1的继承者。这次飞行任务包括一台轨道飞行器和一台撞击月球表面的撞击器,并释放出一片碎片云,包括确认月球上有水的水蒸汽。

Chandrayaan2将会更加先进,有一个轨道飞行器,一个叫Vikram的着陆器,以及一个叫Pragyan的小型漫游车。维克拉姆和Pragyan的设计寿命仅为一个月球日——大约14个地球日——然后它们就会在寒冷的夜晚关闭。

如果一切顺利,着陆器将触到南极附近的两个陨石坑之间,在那里它将释放着陆器滚动和探索。它的六轮将允许它在月球表面以每秒1厘米的速度移动,并研究尘埃的化学组成。

着陆器和轨道器也有科学仪器。月球探测器有一个地震计,用来探测月球地震,一个测量月球表面热特性的探测器,以及探测月球脆弱大气层的工具,以及NASA的一面特殊镜子,用来精确测量地球和月球之间的距离。这个轨道器由八种科学仪器组成,用来绘制月球表面图,研究月球大气层。

如果登陆成功,印度将成为继美国、苏联和中国之后第四个在月球上完成软着陆的国家,也是第一个在南极附近着陆的国家。这一点尤其重要,因为月球南极的一些环形山中含有水冰,这使它成为人类探索的一个有希望的目标。

India’s second moon mission is on its way. After a short delay due to a “technical snag”, the Chandrayaan 2 mission launched on 22 July from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in India. It is expected to touch down on the moon’s surface on 7 September.

The mission is the successor to Chandrayaan 1, which the Indian Space Research Organization launched in 2008. That mission consisted of an orbiter and an impactor that slammed into the lunar surface and released a cloud of debris, including water vapour that confirmed there was water on the moon.

Chandrayaan 2 will be more advanced, with an orbiter, a lander called Vikram, and a small rover called Pragyan. Vikram and Pragyan are designed to last for just one lunar day – about 14 Earth days – before they shut down in the chill of night.

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If all goes well, the lander will touch down between two craters near the south pole, where it will release the lander to roll off and explore. Its six wheels will allow it to trundle at about one centimetre per second across the lunar surface and study the chemical makeup of the dust.

The lander and orbiter have scientific instruments aboard as well. The lander has a seismometer designed to examine moon-quakes, a probe to measure the thermal properties of the lunar surface, and instruments to examine the moon’s tenuous atmosphere, as well as a special mirror from NASA to precisely measure the distance between Earth and the moon. The orbiter has a suite of eight scientific instruments to map the lunar surface and study its atmosphere.

If the landing is successful, it will make India just the fourth nation to complete a soft landing on the moon, after the US, USSR, and China, and the first to land near the south pole. That’s particularly important because the south pole of the moon has water ice in some of its craters, making it a promising target for human exploration.

india's chandrayaan-2 missions takes off

India’s second moon mission is on its way. After a short delay due to a “technical snag”, the Chandrayaan 2 mission launched on 22 July from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in India. It is expected to touch down on the moon’s surface on 7 September.

印度的第二次月球任务正在进行中。在"技术障碍"造成短暂延误之后,Chandrayaan2号飞行任务于7月22日从印度的Satish Dhawan航天中心发射。预计将于9月7日降落在月球表面。

The mission is the successor to Chandrayaan 1, which the Indian Space Research Organization launched in 2008. That mission consisted of an orbiter and an impactor that slammed into the lunar surface and released a cloud of debris, including water vapour that confirmed there was water on the moon.

这次任务是印度空间研究组织2008年发射的Chandrayaan1的继承者。这次飞行任务包括一台轨道飞行器和一台撞击月球表面的撞击器,并释放出一片碎片云,包括确认月球上有水的水蒸汽。

Chandrayaan 2 will be more advanced, with an orbiter, a lander called Vikram, and a small rover called Pragyan. Vikram and Pragyan are designed to last for just one lunar day – about 14 Earth days – before they shut down in the chill of night.

Chandrayaan2将会更加先进,有一个轨道飞行器,一个叫Vikram的着陆器,以及一个叫Pragyan的小型漫游车。维克拉姆和Pragyan的设计寿命仅为一个月球日——大约14个地球日——然后它们就会在寒冷的夜晚关闭。

If all goes well, the lander will touch down between two craters near the south pole, where it will release the lander to roll off and explore. Its six wheels will allow it to trundle at about one centimetre per second across the lunar surface and study the chemical makeup of the dust.

如果一切顺利,着陆器将触到南极附近的两个陨石坑之间,在那里它将释放着陆器滚动和探索。它的六轮将允许它在月球表面以每秒1厘米的速度移动,并研究尘埃的化学组成。

The lander and orbiter have scientific instruments aboard as well. The lander has a seismometer designed to examine moon-quakes, a probe to measure the thermal properties of the lunar surface, and instruments to examine the moon’s tenuous atmosphere, as well as a special mirror from NASA to precisely measure the distance between Earth and the moon. The orbiter has a suite of eight scientific instruments to map the lunar surface and study its atmosphere.

着陆器和轨道器也有科学仪器。月球探测器有一个地震计,用来探测月球地震,一个测量月球表面热特性的探测器,以及探测月球脆弱大气层的工具,以及NASA的一面特殊镜子,用来精确测量地球和月球之间的距离。这个轨道器由八种科学仪器组成,用来绘制月球表面图,研究月球大气层。

If the landing is successful, it will make India just the fourth nation to complete a soft landing on the moon, after the US, USSR, and China, and the first to land near the south pole. That’s particularly important because the south pole of the moon has water ice in some of its craters, making it a promising target for human exploration.

如果登陆成功,印度将成为继美国、苏联和中国之后第四个在月球上完成软着陆的国家,也是第一个在南极附近着陆的国家。这一点尤其重要,因为月球南极的一些环形山中含有水冰,这使它成为人类探索的一个有希望的目标。