特朗普政府为新的美国难民设定了创纪录的下限
Trump administration sets record low limit for new US refugees

Trump administration sets record low limit for new US refugees

特朗普政府为新的美国难民设定了创纪录的下限

一名抗议者举着一个反难民标志,抗议美国在华盛顿奥林匹亚的华盛顿州首府接受叙利亚难民, 2015年11月20日。(照片:总部/ David Ryder)

华盛顿:特朗普政府已经削减了明年将允许在美国重新安置的难民人数,将难民人数限制在1.5万,创下了美国现代难民计划历史上的新低。

唐纳德•特朗普(Donald Trump)总统一夜之间在一份备忘录中敲定了他的计划,并表示,本月开始的2021财年上限包括去年的6000个未使用的职位, “如果不是用于COVID - 19大流行病,这些职位可能会被使用” 。

共和党总统寻求在11月3日再次当选,他在合法和非法移民问题上采取了强硬立场,包括自2017年上任以来,每年都会大幅限制难民入境。

特朗普在声明中表示,今年的任何新难民都应该由美国务院(State Department)安置在美国部分地区,对接收他们持开放态度。

特朗普说, “应尽最大可能将新接收的难民安置在明确表示愿意接收难民的国家和地区” ,并“安置在渴望和有能力支持他们成功融入美国社会和劳动力的社区” 。

批评人士表示,特朗普已经放弃了美国长期以来作为受迫害者避风港的角色,削减难民入境人数破坏了其他外交政策目标。

特朗普的民主党对手、前副总统乔·拜登(Joe Biden)已经承诺,如果打败特朗普,他每年将把难民人数增加到12.5万,尽管倡导人士表示,该项目可能需要数年时间才能恢复。

数以万计的难民正在申请前往美国,尽管特朗普政府加大了审查力度,新的冠状病毒也减缓了2020财年抵达美国的速度,该财年的配额为1.8万。

特朗普2021年的计划为面临宗教迫害的难民分配了5000个名额,为来自伊拉克的帮助美国的难民分配了4000个名额,为来自萨尔瓦多、危地马拉和洪都拉斯的难民分配了1000个名额,为其他人保留了5000个名额。

该法禁止来自索马里、叙利亚和也门的难民, "特别人道主义关切"除外,理由是存在恐怖主义风险。

来源:路透社。

WASHINGTON: The Trump administration has slashed the number of refugees it will allow to resettle in the United States in the coming year, capping the number at 15,000, a record low in the history of the country's modern refugee programme.

President Donald Trump finalised his plan in a memo overnight and said the ceiling for fiscal 2021, which started this month, includes 6,000 unused placements from last year "that might have been used if not for the COVID-19 pandemic".

The Republican president, seeking re-election on Nov 3, has taken a hard line toward legal and illegal immigration, including sharply curbing refugee admissions every year since taking office in 2017.

In his statement, Trump said any new refugees this year should be placed by the US State Department in parts of the country open to hosting them.

"Newly admitted refugees should be placed, to the maximum extent possible, in States and localities that have clearly expressed their willingness to receive refugees" and "resettled in communities that are eager and equipped to support their successful integration into American society and the labour force", Trump said.

Critics say that Trump has abandoned a longstanding US role as a safe haven for persecuted people and that cutting refugee admissions undermines other foreign policy goals.

Trump's Democratic rival and former vice president Joe Biden has pledged to raise refugee admissions to 125,000 a year if he defeats Trump, although advocates have said the programme could take years to recover.

Tens of thousands of refugees have applications in the pipeline for the United States, even as increased vetting by the Trump administration and the novel coronavirus have slowed arrivals for the 2020 fiscal year, which had a quota of 18,000.

Trump's 2021 plan allocates 5,000 slots for refugees facing religious persecution, 4,000 for refugees from Iraq who helped the United States, and 1,000 for refugees from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, leaving 5,000 for others.

It bans refugees from Somalia, Syria and Yemen except in cases of "special humanitarian concern", citing terrorism risk.

A protester holds an anti-refugee sign to protest the United States' acceptance of Syrian refugees at the Washington State capitol in Olympia, Washington, Nov 20, 2015. (Photo: REUTERS/David Ryder)

一名抗议者举着一个反难民标志,抗议美国在华盛顿奥林匹亚的华盛顿州首府接受叙利亚难民, 2015年11月20日。(照片:总部/ David Ryder)

WASHINGTON: The Trump administration has slashed the number of refugees it will allow to resettle in the United States in the coming year, capping the number at 15,000, a record low in the history of the country's modern refugee programme.

华盛顿:特朗普政府已经削减了明年将允许在美国重新安置的难民人数,将难民人数限制在1.5万,创下了美国现代难民计划历史上的新低。

President Donald Trump finalised his plan in a memo overnight and said the ceiling for fiscal 2021, which started this month, includes 6,000 unused placements from last year "that might have been used if not for the COVID-19 pandemic".

唐纳德•特朗普(Donald Trump)总统一夜之间在一份备忘录中敲定了他的计划,并表示,本月开始的2021财年上限包括去年的6000个未使用的职位, “如果不是用于COVID - 19大流行病,这些职位可能会被使用” 。

The Republican president, seeking re-election on Nov 3, has taken a hard line toward legal and illegal immigration, including sharply curbing refugee admissions every year since taking office in 2017.

共和党总统寻求在11月3日再次当选,他在合法和非法移民问题上采取了强硬立场,包括自2017年上任以来,每年都会大幅限制难民入境。

In his statement, Trump said any new refugees this year should be placed by the US State Department in parts of the country open to hosting them.

特朗普在声明中表示,今年的任何新难民都应该由美国务院(State Department)安置在美国部分地区,对接收他们持开放态度。

"Newly admitted refugees should be placed, to the maximum extent possible, in States and localities that have clearly expressed their willingness to receive refugees" and "resettled in communities that are eager and equipped to support their successful integration into American society and the labour force", Trump said.

特朗普说, “应尽最大可能将新接收的难民安置在明确表示愿意接收难民的国家和地区” ,并“安置在渴望和有能力支持他们成功融入美国社会和劳动力的社区” 。

Critics say that Trump has abandoned a longstanding US role as a safe haven for persecuted people and that cutting refugee admissions undermines other foreign policy goals.

批评人士表示,特朗普已经放弃了美国长期以来作为受迫害者避风港的角色,削减难民入境人数破坏了其他外交政策目标。

Trump's Democratic rival and former vice president Joe Biden has pledged to raise refugee admissions to 125,000 a year if he defeats Trump, although advocates have said the programme could take years to recover.

特朗普的民主党对手、前副总统乔·拜登(Joe Biden)已经承诺,如果打败特朗普,他每年将把难民人数增加到12.5万,尽管倡导人士表示,该项目可能需要数年时间才能恢复。

Tens of thousands of refugees have applications in the pipeline for the United States, even as increased vetting by the Trump administration and the novel coronavirus have slowed arrivals for the 2020 fiscal year, which had a quota of 18,000.

数以万计的难民正在申请前往美国,尽管特朗普政府加大了审查力度,新的冠状病毒也减缓了2020财年抵达美国的速度,该财年的配额为1.8万。

Trump's 2021 plan allocates 5,000 slots for refugees facing religious persecution, 4,000 for refugees from Iraq who helped the United States, and 1,000 for refugees from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, leaving 5,000 for others.

特朗普2021年的计划为面临宗教迫害的难民分配了5000个名额,为来自伊拉克的帮助美国的难民分配了4000个名额,为来自萨尔瓦多、危地马拉和洪都拉斯的难民分配了1000个名额,为其他人保留了5000个名额。

It bans refugees from Somalia, Syria and Yemen except in cases of "special humanitarian concern", citing terrorism risk.

该法禁止来自索马里、叙利亚和也门的难民, "特别人道主义关切"除外,理由是存在恐怖主义风险。

Source: Reuters

来源:路透社。